What is the Pap smear test? Every Women should know about this!
Some women with uterine cancer still hear the word ‘curse’. This can be avoided if detected at the right time.
Women need to know a lot about cervical cancer. This is because any woman under the age of 15 to 44 can get ovarian cancer at any time.
Yet women need not fear. This is because some tests that are done early can be detected and solved very quickly.
But that’s not all women should initially ignore. The World Health Organization says new cases have already been reduced by 40% due to vaccine effectiveness and timely treatment.
What is the smear test?
- The screening process, called the smear test, is an indication that women may have cancer in the coming days or if they already have a cancer problem.
- Female pathologists group and examine living cells using a spatula-like device to detect if a woman has a cancer problem in the uterine lump or not.
- It is a method of diagnosing cancer, inflammation or infection in the uterus.
At what age is it best to do a smear test?
- According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), all women under the age of 65, ranging from 21-year-olds to women, should undergo frequent smear tests.
- But young women under the age of 21 and women over 65 years of age are only examined in some special cases.
- Women who are during menstruation and those who are after menstruation should avoid having a smear test. Because detection of uterine cancer is only possible at the right time.
What Age is Suitable for Smear Tests? 21 years to 29 years As mentioned earlier, women who undergo a smear test must be over 21 years of age. If the results are negative in the case of a smear test, it is good to test again for another three years. 30 years to 65 years At this age, it is better for women to undergo HPV testing, such as a pop test or doctor’s order. If the test results are negative at once, the doctor may come back three years later and suggest a re-examination. If two tests are performed and the results are normal, then the doctor can wait another five years and then test again.If the woman is menstruating correctly, the doctor should inform her beforehand. The doctor then decides whether to take the test or not. This should not be done before the smear test is done 1 having sex with a spouse 2 Using lubrication or tampons for the vaginal side 3 Use of vaginal cream or medicines 4 Using Pregnancy Control Cream, Foam or Jelly.
Women are not free to undergo a smear test after doing so for any reason.
What happens during a Pap smear? Pap smears can be a bit uncomfortable, but the test is very quick. During the procedure, you’ll lie on your back on an examination table with your legs spread and your feet resting in supports called stirrups. Your doctor will slowly insert a device called a speculum into your vagina. This device keeps the vaginal walls open and provides access to the cervix. Your doctor will scrape a small sample of cells from your cervix. There are a few ways your doctor can take this sample: Some use a tool called a spatula. Some use a spatula and a brush. Others use a device called a cytobrush, which is a combination spatula and brush. Most women feel a slight push and irritation during the brief scraping. The sample of cells from your cervix will be preserved and sent to a lab to be tested for the presence of abnormal cells. After the test, you might feel mild discomfort from the scraping or a bit of cramping. You could also experience very light vaginal bleeding immediately following the test. Tell your doctor if discomfort or bleeding continues after the day of the test.
What do the results of a Pap smear mean? There are two possible results from a Pap smear: normal or abnormal. Normal Pap smear If your results are normal, that means that no abnormal cells were identified. Normal results are sometimes also referred to as negative. If your results are normal, you probably won’t need a Pap smear for another three years. Abnormal Pap smear If the test results are abnormal, this doesn’t mean you have cancer. It simply means that there are abnormal cells on your cervix, some of which could be precancerous. There are several levels of abnormal cells: atypia mild moderate severe dysplasia carcinoma in situ Milder abnormal cells are more common than severe abnormalities. Depending on what the test results show, your doctor may recommend: increasing the frequency of your Pap smears · getting a closer look at your cervical tissue with a procedure called colposcopy During a colposcopy exam, your doctor will use light and magnification to see vaginal and cervical tissues more clearly. In some cases, they may also take a sample of your cervical tissue in a procedure called a biopsy. How accurate are the results? Pap tests are very accurate. Regular Pap screenings reduce cervical cancer rates and mortality by at least 80 percent Trusted Source. It can be uncomfortable, but the brief discomfort can help protect your health.