Drug addiction in youths , its side affects in brain, and drug abuse.


 A drug is a chemical substance, which, when administered to an animal or a person, which produces a biological effect it is called as a drug.

A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication or medicine, is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose a disease or to promote well-being. Traditionally drugs were obtained through extraction from medicinal plants, but more recently also by organic synthesis.Pharmaceutical drugs may be used for a limited duration, or on a regular basis for chronic disorders.

Pharmaceutical drugs are classified into drug classes—groups of related drugs that have similar chemical structures, the same mechanism of action (binding to the same biological target), a related mode of action, and that are used to treat the same disease. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC), the most widely used drug classification system, assigns drugs a unique ATC code, which is an alphanumeric code that assigns it to specific drug classes within the ATC system. Another major classification system is the Biopharmaceutics Classification System. This classifies drugs according to their solubility and permeability or absorption properties.

Psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that affect the function of the central nervous system, altering perception, mood or consciousness. These drugs are divided into different groups like: stimulants, depressants, antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and hallucinogens. These psychoactive drugs have been proven useful in treating wide range of medical conditions including mental disorders around the world. The most widely used drugs in the world include caffeine, nicotine and alcohol, which are also considered recreational drugs, since they are used for pleasure rather than medicinal purposes.

Why Narcotic drugs are prohibited by internationally?

Psychoactive drugs are chemical substances that affect the function of the central nervous system, altering perception, mood or consciousness. These drugs are divided into different groups like: stimulants, depressants, antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and hallucinogens. These psychoactive drugs have been proven useful in treating wide range of medical conditions including mental disorders around the world. The most widely used drugs in the world include caffeine, nicotine and alcohol, which are also considered recreational drugs, since they are used for pleasure rather than medicinal purposes.

Abuse of several psychoactive drugs can cause psychological or physical addiction.It’s worth noting that all drugs can have potential side effects. Excessive use of stimulants can promote stimulant psychosis. Many recreational drugs are illicit and international treaties such as the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs exist for the purpose of their prohibition.

What are the drugs comes under NDPS [Narcotics and psychotropic substances] act ?

      The major drug laws of India are the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1988).

According to this act indian government has listed illicit drugs,

List of controlled substances

  1. Acetorphine
  2. Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl
  3. Acetyldihydrocodeine
  4. Acetylmethadol
  5. Alfentanil
  6. Allobarbital
  7. Allylprodine
  8. Alpha-Methyl-4-methylthiophenethylamine
  9. Alphacetylmethadol
  10. Alphameprodine
  11. Alphamethadol
  12. Alpha-methylfentanyl
  13. Alpha-methylthiofentanyl
  14. Alphaprodine
  15. Alprazolam
  16. Amfepramone
  17. Aminorex
  18. Amobarbital
  19. Anileridine
  20. Benzethidine
  21. Benzyl morphine
  22. Betacetylmethadol
  23. Beta-hydroxyfentanyl
  24. Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl
  25. Betameprodine
  26. Betamethadol
  27. Betaprodine
  28. Bezitramide
  29. Cannabis and cannabis resin (includes Hashish and Charas)
  30. Clonitazene
  31. Coca derivatives
  32. Coca leaf
  33. Cocaine
  34. Codeine
  35. Codoxime
  36. Concentrate of poppy straw
  37. Desomorphine
  38. Dextromoramide
  39. Dextropropoxyphene
  40. Diampromide
  41. Diethylthiambutene
  42. Difenoxin
  43. Dihydrocodeine
  44. Dihydromorphine
  45. Dihydroxydihydromorphinone
  46. Dimenoxadol
  47. Dimepheptanol
  48. Dimethylthiambutene
  49. Dioxaphetyl butyrate
  50. Diphenoxylate
  51. Dipipanone
  52. Drotebanol
  53. Ecgonine
  54. Ethylmethylthiambutene
  55. Ethylmorphine
  56. Etonitazene
  57. Etorphine
  58. Etoxeridine
  59. Fentanyl
  60. Furethidine
  61. Ganja
  62. Heroin
  63. Hydrocodone
  64. Hydromorphinol
  65. Hydromorphone
  66. Hydroxypethidine
  67. Isomethadone
  68. Ketobemidone
  69. Levomethorphan
  70. Levomoramide
  71. Levophenacylmorphan
  72. Levorphanol
  73. Metazocine
  74. Methadone
  75. Methadone intermediate
  76. Methyldihydromorphine
  77. Methyldihydromorphine
  78. 3-Methylfentanyl
  79. 3-Methylthiofentanyl
  80. Metopon
  81. Moramide intermediate
  82. Morpheridine
  83. Morphine
  84. Morphine methobromide
  85. Morphine-N-oxide
  86. MPPP
  87. Myrophine
  88. N-cyclopropyl methyl-7,8-dihydro-7-(1-hydroxy-1 methyl-ethyl) O-methyl-6,14-endoethanonormorphine
  89. Nicocodine
  90. Nicodicodine
  91. Nicomorphine
  92. Noracymethadol
  93. Norcodeine
  94. Norlevorphanol
  95. Normethadone
  96. Normorphine
  97. Norpipanone
  98. Opium
  99. Opium derivatives
  100. Oxycodone

What will happens if a person consumes  Narcotic drug?

If a person consumes narcotic drugs without prescription, the chances of overdose is high, and if overdose is happened it turns into a poisoning of that particular drug.

And a person started to consumes narcotic drugs, He will get addicted to those drugs, and it affects to his central nervous system,and that person have more chances of getting  stroke, epilepsy, and it may leeds him to coma also….

I think now you guys are thinking, consumption of narcotic drugs are having lots of  life threatening side effects, still people are consuming it in illegally, and also give one to tripple cost for that right…..

   here you will get answer for that questions; If any person consumes narcotic drugs, he will get hallucinating mind and they will  feel like heaven with that….. when they consumes drugs their mind feel normal if they missed it once,they will started to give trouble for their family & all to get that drugs.

Symptoms of drug addiction:-

  • Bloodshot or droopy eyes 
  • Bloody runny or sniffling nose
  • pale skin , bruises or track marks
  • weight loss or weight gain
  • lack of coordination and slurred speech

How to overcome from drug addiction :-

Drug addiction and recovery can be confusing. And there are right and wrong ways to support someone who is on the path toward greater wellness. Here are some things to keep in mind and some actions to take when helping someone overcome drug addiction.

1 – Be realistic

Expect that there will be roadblocks, resistance, and possibly relapse. But also expect that rehabilitation and recovery are possible with the right steps forward. Find a balanced perspective so you can stay encouraged and positive even amidst the inevitable challenges to come.

2 – Remember that they are still the person you know and care about even through the challenges

Sometimes, it can be hard to clearly that person through the veil of their drug abuse. But dependence and addiction inspire unfortunate, often desperate actions. They may not be in complete control of their words and their actions so it’s best if you can avoid taking things personally during this time. Furthermore, leading with blame and shame is not going to encourage their positive mental health development.

This isn’t to say that you should look past the wrongs they might do to you or to others (see #7)—but they still deserve the most compassionate gesture you can offer: the chance for clinical care and treatment.

3 – Accept that you can’t fix them or help them all by yourself

Substance use disorders are serious mental health issues that require experienced clinical supervision and guidance for a successful recovery. From the risks of detox to the complications of underlying triggers and the potential for relapse, the journey of addiction recovery is a sensitive path, and things can go wrong. Don’t make the mistake of thinking you can fix your loved one’s addiction or be their only source of support. Their best chances for progress are with well-rounded support, including clinical care and a network of peers who are also journeying in recovery.

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4 – Don’t wait to take supportive actions

Denial can happen for the addict and for the family and friends involved too. It can be a lot easier to put off actions and conversations, but that means missed opportunities for early healing and greater risks of physical, psychological, emotional, and life damage. The diverse effects of drug addiction can be devastating.

Work through any barriers rather than against them:

Respect the person’s privacy as you take steps forward toward treatment

Share what you learn about the treatment center so they know what to expect

Remember that their recovery is about prioritizing their higher personal goals—not your goals for them

Recognize that, even when it means time away from work, rehab really is the next best thing for their career too

Even if the person you care about is resistant and, so far, blocking your attempts to connect them with real help, you can always call a treatment center for advice.

5 – Consult with a professional interventionist

Don’t underestimate the value of professional advice and intervention because your loved one’s health and safety are too important. Find the best professional help to guide you through this early stage, toward successful rehab, and toward long-term progress in recovery.

6 – Avoid enabling behavior

Be honest about your own feelings, needs, and boundaries. And be honest about what you expect from and hope for your loved one. Enabling involves sheltering the addicted individual from the consequences of their substance abuse. It might seem like the right thing to pick up the pieces of their life, their finances, their daily needs, and their responsibilities, but the truth is that enabling delays recovery and the rest of their life. A professional interventionist or a treatment center can help you to understand the difference between enabling and supportive behavior.

7 – Draw a line at their unacceptable behaviors and compromises you are unwilling to make

Cutting someone slack is not doing them any favors when they are needing to turn their bad habits around. It’s not going to be an easy road to transformation, but it’s going to be even harder if those bad habits are still getting support—however indirect or unintentional that support might be. Stay honest about what you’re unwilling to tolerate, and commit to those boundaries. Once your loved one is in treatment, you will have support for these positive boundaries on various levels through family programming and new habit building.

8 – Keep an eye on your own behaviors and attachments that might reflect codependence

Relationships become very complicated in the context of drug addiction, and codependency is a common and confusing factor. Over time, when you’re caring about an addict, your view of reality and the way forward can become distorted. Says addiction specialist Alan Massey of codependency, “It becomes the dysfunctional side of caring that gets people locked into being over-responsible and losing touch with their authentic selves.” Codependency is wrapped up in those difficult-to-define boundaries and enabling behaviors. But speaking with professionals who know the realities and possibilities of addiction recovery can help to refresh your perspective and the better choices you make moving forward.

9 – Don’t let their care and well-being 

come before your own

Perhaps it has been a long time since you put your own well-being first due to your concern for a loved one wrapped up in drug addiction. But not only is it a mistake to forfeit your own well-being, but it is unfortunate to miss out on the many opportunities for the help and support that are available.

Even as your loved one is involved with treatment, there are opportunities for family therapy, individual therapy, support groups for friends and family of addicts, and integrated family programming to reinforce their long-term transformation. It is in everyone’s best interest that you give sufficient attention to your own needs, your physical health, and your mental health. The way forward is together, and the best path is one of positive transformation all around.

Alta Mira offers comprehensive treatment for people struggling with drug and alcohol addiction as well as co-occurring mental health disorders and process addictions. Contact us to learn more about our renowned Bay Area programs and how we can help you or your loved one start the journey toward recovery.

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